The coat of arms of Joel Barlow of Windsor, Connecticut.
The Coat of Arms Blazoned: Argent, on a chevron engrailed between three crosses-croslet fitchée sable, two lions passant counterpassant of the first..
Crested: A demi-lion argent holding a cross-crosslet fitchée sable.
Motto: [None Recorded].
The arms were most likely awarded in England by the College of Arms of Great Britain.
As cited on page 18 in the 1904 Edition of Crozier’s General Armory; William Armstrong Crozier, Fox Duffield & Company, New York.
In times of old, when a coat of arms was found emblazoned in print or carved in stone, color was not usually an option, unless the art was hand-painted after the fact. To surmount this technological shortcoming, heraldic artists devised a system of “hatchings” or carved lines to represent each of the tinctures or colors used in heraldry. You can see Joel Barlow’s coat of arms, shown in hatchings below.
More information on Joel Barlow
Should not be confused with the American author of the same name, born in Redding, Connecticut, 1754.
It is important to note that Crozier was more interested in coats of arms than in genealogy, as such many mistakes and mis-attributed family legends made their way into his work. It is therefore advisable to always look for multiple collaborating sources when building your own family history and not to rely upon the work of a single source.
You can find more information about Joel Barlow and the Barlow family of Windsor, Connecticut by looking at these links:
What was North America like in 1756?
Windsor, Connecticut was much different when Joel Barlow came to North America from Pembrokeshire. The Colony of Connecticut was founded in 1636 by the English who had begun their cross-Atlantic expansion during the 16th century under the reign of Queen Elizabeth with the first attempt at permanent English settlement in North America taking place in the 1580s. Many historians point to the English subjugation of Wales and Ireland and proto-colonial activities and even the Norman invasion as experiences which gave the English an edge during the periods of exploration and colonization which would reshape the world outside Europe.
Connecticut was originally known as The River Colony and was settled by a Puritan congregation. As the colony was close to the Dutch activities in New Amsterdam caused contention between the two colonies, which the English colonists eventually won. Joel Barlow immigrated in the year 1756, which was an eventful year:
In 1756, Barlow arrived in North America as the independence movement was gaining strength. St. Patrick’s Day was celebrated for the first time in New York City at the Crown and Thistle Tavern. The Seven Years’ War is raging between France and Great Britain, the war is known as the French and Indian War in colonies which will become the United States. The Royal Colony of North Carolina builds Fort Dobbs to guard against incursions by the French and their native allies. The first chocolate factory begins operations in Germany.
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Other people noted as having the same or similar Coats Armor according to Crozier’s General Armory
These arms are the same as carried by Henry Barlow of Norfolk County, Virgina, circa 1652. Peter Townsend Barlow, Esquire of New York also is listed by Crozier as having the same arms.
Older arms in the name of Barlow can also be found by looking in Edmondson – A Complete Body of Heraldry (1780), vol I, 24.
Notes about the Barlow arms & symbols used in heraldry
The charges (symbols) used on a coat of arms usually have links to the name of the bearer or the place they were from, often in the form of puns (called canting in heraldry): John Ashman, would likely have an Ash tree on his arms, Robert Bakerridge might have a loaf of bread on top mountain, while Joshua Talbot, would likely have a type of dog, called a Talbot, figuring prominently on either the shield or crest. Other times, the charge might have to do with some accomplishment of the armiger, perhaps the man who lent the King a horse may be granted arms with a mighty steed. Sometimes less specific symbolism was used. Over the years, some generic meanings for many charges were developed which could add some flair to describing the merit of less illustrious charges. Can you see any puns in the blazon: Argent, on a chevron engrailed between three crosses-croslet fitchée sable, two lions passant counterpassant of the first. used in the Barlow arms?
Sometimes the lions on these arms are described as combatant, this is at odds however with how the arms are usually drawn and the narrowness of the ordinary which they are placed. See the attitude combatant for more information.
The arms can be traced back to Sir John Barlow. These arms are attested in Cornwall in the mid 1700s as those used by Anne, daughter of George Barlow, Esquire. (J. Polsue, A Complete Parocical History of the County of Cornwall, 1870).
The Chevron found in the arms of Joel Barlow can be used to represent protection, and has often been granted in arms as a reward to one who has achieved some notable enterprise, while a Cross-crosslet traditionally represents, the fourfold mystery of the cross.There may be more specific and important meanings for the Barlow family. Unfortunately, without reading the original grant of arms from Pembrokeshire, we are only able to assume the more generic meaning of the symbols used in the coat of arms.
The colors or tinctures used in this coat of arms also have traditional meanings. The primary tincture of the arms, Argent (silver) can be used to represent Divinity, Peace, and Sincerity. May also indicate Innocence or Cleanliness. The secondary tincture of the arms, Sable (black) traditionally means Wisdom, Constancy and Prudence. The connection of black with grief and mourning is a modern connotation, not appropriate for traditional armory.
The student of heraldry should always note that these “traditional” meanings of the colors used in heraldry may not be the reason the color was used in these specific arms. The achievements of the original Barlow to carry these arms may have granted some more specific meaning for these arms, but the details would be contained in the original grant of arms from Pembrokeshire. More information about the colors, furs, and metals used in heraldry can be found by clicking this link.
To order this coat of arms please use the code Bar 65.
You can find the coat of arms of Joel Barlow of Windsor, Connecticut and other armigerous families of North America on fine heraldry gifts and keepsakes at our store, by clicking here.
What was the Coat of Arms of the Barlow family from Windsor, Connecticut?
Argent, on a Chevron engrailed betwixt three Crosses-crosslet fitchee Sable, two Lions passant-counter passant Argent.
What is the family crest for the Barlow family of Windsor, Connecticut?
It is important to know that coats of arms are awarded to individuals, not to families per se. This is the reason there are no family crests which broadly apply to all members of a given family. This coat of arms would apply only to direct male-line descendants of Joel Barlow. This is not to say though that it isn’t nice to discover the coat of arms of all your ancestors and heraldry is great as a form of family-oriented folk art. More information on family crests: click here.
Coat of Arms of Joel Barlow of Windsor, Connecticut: Argent, on a Chevron engrailed betwixt three Crosses-crosslet fitchee Sable, two Lions passant-counter passant Argent. Joel Barlow came to North America about 1756 from Pembrokeshire.
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