QUARTERED. A shield divided into four equal parts by a cross is said to be quartered. The quarter occupying the dexter chief is marked 1, or the first quarter; that occupying the sinister chief, 2; the dexter base, 3; the sinister base, 4.
QUARTERLY. This term is used to signify that the [Page 109] shield is quartered. In describing the royal arms of England we should say-Quarterly, first and fourth gules, three lions passant guardant, or. Second, or, a lion rampant gules, within a double tressure of the same, flory and counter flory. Third, azure, a harp or, stringed, argent.
QUARTERED OR PARTED PER SALTIER. A field divided by diagonal lines crossing each other in the centre of the field.
QUARTER FOIL. A four-leaved flower.
QUARTERINGS. An escutcheon divided into any number of squares is said to contain as many quarterings; they may be as numerous as the arms required. An escutcheon containing a number of quarterings is called a genealogical achievement.
QUADRATE. Square. See CROSS QUADRATE.
QUARTER PIERCED. See CROSS QUARTER PIERCED.