“T” Terms

TALBOT. A dog formerly used for hunting. It is formed something between a hound and a beagle, with a large snout, and long, round, thick ears.

TENNE, or TAWNEY. One of the tinctures used in emblazoning arms. It signifies orange colour, and is represented in engraving by lines drawn diagonally from the sinister to the dexter side of the shield, traversed by perpendicular lines from the base to the chief.

TIARA. The Pope’s mitre, with its triple crowns.

TINCTURE. A term used in Heraldry to express colour.  There are two metals and five colours in the common pallet, they are:

  • Or – Gold
  • Argent – Silver (Usually displayed as white)
  • Azure – Blue
  • Gules – Red
  • Purpure – Purple
  • Sable – Black
  • Vert – Green

Additionally later heraldry added:

  • Iron
  • Steel
  • Marron, Brown, Braun, Brun
  • Sanguine
  • Umbra
  • Bleu Celeste
  • Carnation
  • Ashen or Cendrée
  • Yellow
  • White

TOPAZ. The name of a precious stone, formerly used instead of or, in emblazoning the arms of the English nobility.

TORTEAUX. Red roundlets.

TOURNAMENTS were combats of honour, in which persons of noble birth entered the lists to gain reputation in feats of arms. The name is derived from tourner, to turn, from the horsemen turning frequently as they rode round the enclosure, and during the course of the engagement. The design of tournaments was to train the nobility to the use of arms; none, therefore, were admitted to these sports but persons of noble birth, who could prove their descent, at least, by three generations. They were also required to be men of unspotted honour and integrity.

TRANSPOSED. Charges or bearings placed contrary to their usual situation.

TREFOIL. Three-leaved grass: the shamrock of Ireland. When a flower or leaf is introduced as a charge in a shield of arms, if it is of its natural colour, or, in heraldic language, proper, the tincture is not named, but if of any other colour it must be described.

TRESSURE. An ordinary not so broad as an orle. It generally forms a border to the inescutcheon. Tressures are frequently borne double, and sometimes treble. They are generally ornamented flory and counter-flory. See DOUBLE TRESSURE.

TRICORPORATED. Three lions rampant, conjoined, under one head, guardant, in the fess points. See LIONS.

TRIPPING. The motion of deer, between running and walking.

TURBAND. In coats of arms, where the knight was a Crusader, this figure often appears. It was the form of the sultan’s turban at that period.

TURRETED. A wall or castle having small turrets.

TUSKED. Any animal having tusks of a different tincture from its body is said to he tusked.

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